Gauze Fabric: History, Properties, Use, Care, Where to Buy

Introduction to Gauze Fabric

Gauze fabric is any open-weaved material. The lightweight fabric is usually made using cotton for surgical dressings and blends of the best silk fabric and fibers for dressings and other apparel. The fabric is quite similar to cheesecloth in nature.

The slimness of the fabric, or the large spaces between the strands, is a distinguishing characteristic of the fabric. Because of the cross-yarn arrangement, which reduces fiber slippage, the fabric is more robust than plain woven fabrics.


  • Gauze fabric is an open-weaved material made using cotton or silk fibers. It is lightweight, has a velvety feel, and a wrinkled texture.
  • The history of gauze fabric traces back to Gaza, Palestine, but it is now produced in various countries, with China being the largest producer.
  • Gauze fabric has diverse uses, including daily wear, medical dressings, everyday items like mosquito netting and bags, sewing projects, and dyeing. It requires gentle care, including hand washing and low-heat ironing. Gauze fabric can be purchased from fabric and garment shops or online retailers.

What is the History of Gauze Fabric?

The term Gauze is derived from the Palestinian city of Gaza, where the fabric has been thought to have origins from. Although trade with c Originally, the fabric was used for clothing, but it has had many uses. Nowadays, Gauze fabric can be produced in different countries, such as Poland, China, Germany, etc.

Properties of Gauze Fabric

  • Delicate and sheer fabric
  • It has a velvety feel to it
  • It has an excellent drape
  • It is made mostly of a hundred percent cotton.
  • It has a wrinkled texture.
  • It is a firm fabric, but it can still be easily cut using a rotary cutter or a pair of fabric scissors.

How is Gauze Fabric Made?

The Gauze fabric is made using a Leno loom. Hence, it may sometimes be referred to as a leno weave instead of a Gauze weave. The leno is sometimes combined with the plain weave to produce a stripe or figure on a plain background.

Gauze weave is distinguished because the wrap fibers do not run parallel to one another. . Second, warp yarn is alternately pulled to the right or left with each pick passage thanks to a hairpin-like heddle attachment called a doup.

As a result, each weft yarn is wrapped around the pair of warps. To create a double warp before injecting the filling, the two warp threads are crossed, making a cross.

Even though the threads appear to be firmly curled around one another, this is not the case. The threads appear to be entwined, with one yarn typically higher than the other on the loom.

Where is Gauze Fabric Made?

Gauze fabric has its origins in Gaza, Palestine. However, nowadays, the fabric is a widely produced accessory. Using blends of cotton, silk, and other fibers, the fabric is produced in various textile factories worldwide.

Poland, Germany, and Russia are a few countries that generally produce it. However, the main producer is China, the largest producer of textiles globally. 

Common uses of Gauze Fabric

Gauze fabric is used for a wide range of apparel and accessories.

Daily wear

Gauze clothing is a type of cotton garment that is very light and airy. However, a few men’s shirts are in the mix compared to women’s wear, which the fabric is mainly used to produce. Men’s apparel includes pants and shirts. 

Women’s apparel includes blouses, dresses, and clothes with different embroidery and sewing patterns. The fabric can also be used for thermal curtains and drapery. 

Medical dressings

Cotton is the most common material used to make woven gauze dressings for medicinal purposes. It’s great for dressing burns, cuts and bruises since it won’t stick to the burn or wound like other textiles might. Wound stickiness can be further reduced by covering surgical Gauze with a punctured plastic film like Telfa.

Everyday usage

Mosquito netting, agricultural fabrics to shade sensitive plants, and various bags used to carry laundry or produce are all examples of Gauze fabric-made fabrics.

Sewing with Gauze fabric

Gauze fabric is slippery to sew with and needs to be handled carefully. The layers of the fabric are slippery and may shift during the cutting period. Consequently, to ensure efficient results, use the best sewing essentials like sharp scissors when cutting the fabric for the best results.

To make cutting and stitching easier, lightly spritz or press the fabric with spray starch before cutting or sewing. Laundering eliminates the starch and allows the crinkly appearance to be restored. Because the loose weave tends to tangle, pointed pins should be used.

Your sewing machine should have a size 70 needle and 50-size sewing thread. If you’re stitching folds of Gauze together, a normal presser foot will suffice. A walking foot will enable a uniform feeding range of distinct fabrics and textures when sewing double gauze.

Take your time sewing with Gauze because it can result in wrinkled edges. Avoid catching the fabric when separating stitches by being careful, to begin with. 

Ensuring that you use the correct sewing notions and supplies and the correct methods, you will see the fabric stitched to perfection.

Dyeing Gauze fabric

Gauze fabric can be easily dyed to one preference using all-purpose dyes like the Rit All-purpose liquid dye, the best fabric dye available.

How to care for Gauze Fabric?

Gauze fabric can be washed with ease.


  • It is better to wash the cloth by hand.
  • If using a machine, ensure the settings are set to a gentle cycle
  • Wash in cold or slightly warm water
  • Use gentle detergents 
  • Tumble dry the fabric 


  • Gauze fabric generally goes back into shape on drying.
  • If still wish to iron, set your shark steam iron to low heat
  • Gentle steam is also preferred.

Where to buy Gauze Fabric?

The Gauze fabric can be bought at fabric and garment shops. Customers can also buy it through online retailers and websites like and Amazon, which have the best Gauze fabric available—ranging from the Island Breeze Gauze to the super-soft Shannon Fabrics Embrace Double Gauze.

It can be sold in several ways depending on the seller;

  • By yard
  • By Inches
  • Can be cut to order

Gauze fabrics often feature a looser, more open weave and are generally quite transparent. Gauze is most often made from natural fibers. Cotton is a popular choice, but other materials can also be used.  Gauze fabrics are usually quite soft, and come in a wide variety of colors and prints. Gauze can be used to sew blankets, quilts, kitchen accessories, home décor,  apparel items, and more. Double gauze is two layers of gauze that have been tacked together and is a very popular choice for making all sorts of baby items.

Best Gauze Fabrics

Here are our gauze fabric reviews.

1. Shannon Fabrics Embrace Double Gauze

This super-soft line of double gauze fabric is available in over fifty different solid colors and prints. Double gauze is a very versatile fabric and is extremely popular for making baby items. Sew burp cloths, bibs, receiving blankets, swaddling blankets, and more. Double gauze can also be used to make other blankets and even some apparel items.

  • This very lightweight fabric is made from 100% cotton
  • Available in 48” widths
  • Machine wash with cold water, hang to dry- use non-chlorine bleach only

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2. Island Breeze Gauze

This gauze is very lightweight and is made from 100% cotton. It is a semi-sheer, which is perfect for making many different apparel items. Gauze is also a great choice for different accessories like scarves, and also for baby items.

  • Machine wash cold, tumble dry on low heat- gauze does shrink after laundering, so be sure to purchase enough fabric
  • This gauze can be purchased for just over five dollars per yard
  • Available in 52” widths and this features over thirty different colors of fabric

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3. Shannon Fabrics Sweet Melody Designs Embrace Double Gauze

Double gauze fabric is an excellent choice for sewing baby items like burp cloths, bibs, swaddling and receiving blankets, and other accessories. Double gauze isn’t just for babies. Apparel items, blankets, and more can all be sewn with this ultra-soft fabric.

  • Machine wash with cold water, air dry
  • This fabric is very lightweight and is made from 100% cotton
  • Available in 48” widths

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4. Robert Kaufman Nirvana Double Gauze

This double gauze fabric is super soft, and since it is made from cotton, it is also breathable. Double gauze is great for making baby items and even for baby and children’s apparel items, but it can also be used to sew adult apparel as well. This double gauze fabric can be purchased for under ten dollars a yard.

  • Machine wash, tumble dry on low heat
  • This fabric is lightweight and is made from 100% cotton
  • Available in 42” widths and this line comes in over ten different solid colors
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5. Cotton Gauze

Cotton Gauze

This gauze fabric is very lightweight and is nearly sheer. Gauze is a great choice for apparel items like blouses, shirts, dresses, skirts, beachwear, and more. Accessories like scarves, baby items, or household items like blankets or throws can also be made from gauze.

  • This very lightweight fabric is made from 100% cotton
  • Available in 52” widths and costs under five dollars per yard
  • Machine wash on gentle, tumble dry on low heat

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Gauze Fabric Buying Guide

Gauze and double gauze are usually super soft and are often made from cotton, which gives the fabric some great benefits. Gauze is quite versatile and can be used for so many more projects than just baby items, though it is an extremely popular choice for making all sorts of baby and children’s apparel and accessories. Best of all, gauze and double gauze tend to be quite affordable.

Benefits of Gauze and Double Gauze

Gauze and double gauze fabrics have many great benefits. Because they are made from cotton, they are usually lightweight and breathable. Gauze also tends to be quite absorbent, which is a huge benefit for making baby items like bibs and burp cloths. Even though gauze looks like it might not hold up to washing, the opposite is usually true. Gauze can be quite durable and, when cared for properly, can last quite a long time. Gauze can be laundered at home, usually easily, though every line of fabric has its own care instructions. Gauze does tend to shrink after it has been washed and dried for the first time, so be sure to keep that in mind when ordering fabric.

Cost of Fabric

Gauze and even double gauze are actually quite budget-friendly. Most lines of double gauze can be purchased for under ten dollars a yard. Gauze is even cheaper, with many lines available for purchase for under five dollars a yard, or right around that mark. Gauze and double gauze are great fabrics that have some really amazing properties and are very versatile. Their lower purchase price is a huge added bonus.

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Gauze fabric has been around for decades and has acted as a material that is now used in all sorts of products and apparel. The medical usage of the fabric makes it an imperative fabric that needs to be produced.


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