Crinoline Fabric: History, Properties, Uses, Care, Where to Buy

Introduction to Crinoline

You might have seen an elegant old gown with hoop ball kind of design in the old movies, especially those shot in England, France, and other European countries. A major portion of those dresses was made of Crinoline.

Introduction to CrinolineOverview of crinoline fabric and its historical significance
History of CrinolineEvolution of crinoline fabric from horsehair to metal spring hoops
Properties of CrinolineStiff texture, durability, pure quality, and budget-friendly
Common Uses of CrinolineManufacturing dresses and adding volume to skirts or dresses
Caring for CrinolineWashing with care, avoiding hot water, and drying in shade
Pros of CrinolineStiff texture suitable for specific dresses, durable, pure quality, and budget-friendly options
Cons of CrinolineLimited range of uses compared to other fabrics
Crinoline Fabric

This fabric was originally a petticoat, which was manufactured from horsehair. The word Crin in its name represents a French word that translates to the horsehair. However, the modern Crinoline is also made of , nylon, polyester, and cotton. It has a stiff texture because of its chemical treatment.

History of Crinoline

The creation of Crinoline started in the 1840s with the French, who used horsehair for manufacturing a specific type of fabric. However, later in 1856, they replaced whalebone and horsehair with the frames of metal spring hoops. These hops were added to add volume under the skirt. This was the most renowned fashion during those times, and women loved it, especially in France, England, and other European countries.

Moreover, during the 1860s, the dome shape of crinoline was replaced with the pyramid shape as a new fashion trend, while after 1865, the dress started having a flat front. This amazing dress got out of fashion after 1878. And now, the fabric is being used for making various items.

Properties of Crinoline

All fabrics have their specific properties, which differentiate them from others. Some major properties of the Crinoline fabric are discussed below.


This fabric is not one of the soft ones. In fact, it is famous for its stiffness and hard texture. The stiffness in its texture is specifically added to make it suitable for some specific dresses.


Crinoline is a very durable fabric. It has been built to last. So, you can expect your crinoline items to last longer.

Pure and Fine Quality

This fabric is either made of 100% cotton, 100% nylon, 100% linen, or 100% polyester. You will not find a mixture or blend in this unless an exception occurs. The purity of fabric enhances its quality and makes it a fine fabric.

Common Uses of Crinoline

Though Crinoline does not have a lengthy list of uses like , fleece, and other fabrics, it has some common uses discussed ahead.


The major use of this fabric is found in manufacturing dresses. This trend had stopped for a while, but the recent fashion industry has again started using this fabric for various purposes, including gowns, dresses, skirts, etc. So, you can easily find some amazing dresses made of Crinoline.

Paired Cloth

Along with being used for making dresses, this fabric is also used as a paired cloth underneath the actual skirt or dress to enhance its volume due to the greater stiffness of this fabric.

Caring for Crinoline

Caring for Crinoline is not as difficult as the fabric. It has some simple procedures which should be followed to maintain its quality.

You can wash it both with hands and machine. However, while washing it in a machine, make sure to select a delicate cycle. It is better to use lukewarm water. Choosing hot water might damage its stiffness and the chemical used in it. Moreover, for drying, do not directly hang it under the sun; find a shade, and hang it there.

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